The following is a direct translation of this text: http://www.stralsakerhetsmyndigheten.se ... light-IPL/
)Injury risks for cosmetic procedures, laser and IPL
Cosmetic Treatments with laser radiation and Pulsed Light (Intense Pulsed Light, IPL) are becoming increasingly common. The strong radiation can cause skin burns and severe eye damage.
Different types of treatments, laser and radiation from other strong light sources are becoming more common. In the case of cosmetic procedures, like removing wrinkles, hair growth, visible vessel, pigmented lesions and tattoos, the radiation used is so strong that it can cause serious damage to eyes and skin if used improperly. It's about lasers in the strongest laser class, and the flashbulbs, IPL (Intense Pulsed Light). This also applies to variations in the IPL, such as FPL (fluorescent pulsed light).
Lasers in the second-strongest class, 3B, used for example, joint and muscle treatments. These lasers can damage your eyes.
There are also a host of other treatments, in which weaker lasers are used. One example is laser measurement of the feet to produce orthopedic topics. These measurements are harmless.What are the risks?
The risk of injury in cosmetic treatments with powerful lasers or IPL depends on the type of modifications made. The radiation can cause skin and eye burns. A laser in Class 4 is so strong that it also can cause fires.
The eye is most sensitive body part for laser and IPL radiation. The radiation can cause damage to the retina, which at worst can cause vision reduction or blindness. This damage may be transient or permanent. The radiation can also damage the lens and iris, or cause inflammation of the eye. It is therefore important that both the person doing the treatment and the treated always use eye protection. Protective goggles should be adapted to the current source. The most powerful lasers, Class 4, can cause eye damage, even if you look at a reflection of the laser beam on a matte surface.
But the most common injury is burns to the skin. The darker the skin a person has, the greater the risk. This is because the skin pigment takes up the light and converts it into heat. Burns can cause scars or cause the skin to increase or decrease in pigmentation. Pigmentation disorder can persist from a few months to several years.
Some practitioners claim that their lights are safe and cannot cause damage. This is not true - treatments that have an effect also have side effects. There are no lasers of Class 3B and Class 4 - or IPL's that are harmless.How can I protect myself?
* You should not carry out treatments close to the eyes, including the area between the eyebrows and under the eyes. The risk of damage to the eyes is great.
* You should not treat dark or tanned skin, as such skin burns easily.
* Do not remove pigment spots in other than a doctor because it may be a skin tumor or precursor to such. Pigment stains should not be removed by laser or IPL
* Do not remove the tattoos, except for doctors, because the risk of burns is significant. There is also a risk of allergic reactions as tattoo dyes are released into the body
Radiation Safety Role
SSM believes that misuse of lasers and IPL is a problem and is therefore reviewing the regulation in this area. SSM has partnered with the National Board on the issue. This is because the issue is part of the whole field of cosmetic treatments and The National Board is an expert authority within health care.
Special focus is directed towards the requirements to be imposed on:
* That the user of the equipment must have sufficient competence.
* That medical liability shall be necessary for the business.
In the current situation is very difficult for the customer to check if a business has sufficient expertise and using the proper equipment so that a safe treatment is guaranteed. "
(http://www.stralsakerhetsmyndigheten.se ... erklasser/
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